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Greek and Latin Resources

Aids for Learning Ecclesiastical Languages

Latin

Latin is the official language of the Catholic Church, and is used in all of her major documents. Despite what many mistakenly say, the Catholic Church has not abandoned the use of Latin, and its use is still encouraged, and even expected. Learning Latin is useful for appreciating ancient Christian prayers and theological writings. Latin is also the root of many English words, and learning Latin grammar has helped many learn English grammar better. The value of learning Latin cannot be overestimated. If you need a better reason, this Latin phrase says it all: quid latine dictum sit, altum videtur, "anything said in Latin sounds profound."

Links:
Latin Resources at About.Com
This is an extremely thorough collection of Latin resources.

Latin Grammars
Scroll down for a choice of 5 public domain Latin grammars. They are in .pdf format.

Index of Latin Prayers
Praying in Latin is another way to practice your skills, just be sure to say them slowly and work on translating the prayers from the Latin itself, and not necessarily assume the received English text of the prayer is literally translated.

Latin Dictionaries Online
This page has a huge collection of Latin dictionaries.

WORDS, Latin to English Dictionary
This free and simple software came in handy during grad school. It can be an essential help when looking up difficult Latin words and forms. The page is a bit confusing, but to get the software, click on the link to your computer format.

The Vulgate Online
This site has the Vulgate, St. Jerome's Latin translation of the Scriptures, conveniently collected online. The print editions are kind of pricey, so this is a good place to go.

Perseus Online Latin Dictionary
A complete Latin-English Dictionary.

The Pronunciation of Classical and Ecclesiastical Latin
This site compares the differences in pronouncing Classical and Church Latin.

Famous Latin Quotes
Sometimes the best way to polish your skills is to learn snippets of the language, especially for those of us with short attention spans

Multi-Language Texts of Christian Writers
This site contains a huge number of Catholic documents in a variety of languages, including Latin. This includes Church Fathers, medieval writers, and documents from Church Councils. This site will keep those interested in Church history and ancient languages very busy for quite awhile.

Latin Phrases, Mottos, Quotes, etc
More Latin snippets

Classics Programs:
Study Classics at Ohio University
Study Classics at Emory University

Books:
Primer of Ecclesiastical Latin John F. Collins
Dictionary of Ecclesiastical Latin Leo Stelton
Wheelock's Latin Frederic Wheelock
Oxford Latin Course I (Classical) Balme and Morwood
Oxford Latin Course II (Classical) Balme and Morwood
Oxford Latin Course III (Classical) Balme and Morwood
New College Latin-English Dictionary John Traupman

Greek

Greek is the language of the New Testament, and of many Church documents past and present. Even many early Western Christian writers, including Ss. Irenaeus, Hippolytus, and Clement, wrote in Greek, rather than Latin. Greek is also the language of the great Philosophers Plato and Aristotle, both of whom have influenced Christian theology tremendously. The Greek Bible, the Septuagint, was the Bible of choice for most of the early Church Fathers, and remains the official Bible of many Eastern Christians.

Links:
Greek Resources at About.Com
This site has a whole host of Greek language resources.

Herbert Weir Smith Greek Grammar
This is a public domain grammar that is very useful for learning Greek and/or refreshing one's knowledge of the language.

Little Greek
Greek resources and basic information about the language. A good place for beginners.

Greek Liturgical Resources Online
This page links to Greek Prayers and other liturgical information in Greek. This page is especially helpful for those in the Eastern Churches

Multi-Language Texts of Christian Writers
This site contains a huge number of Catholic documents in a variety of languages, including Greek. This includes Church Fathers, medieval writers, and documents from Church Councils. This site will keep those interested in Church history and ancient languages very busy for quite awhile.

Classics Programs:
Study Classics at Ohio University
Study Classics at Emory University

Books:
Greek Before Christmas Steve Hays
Greek: An Intensive Course Hansen and Quinn
A Primer of Biblical Greek Clayton Croy
Reading Greek: Text JACT
Reading Greek: Grammar, Vocabulary, etc. JACT
Reading Greek: An Independent Study Guide JACT

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