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Ordinary Time

Ordinary Time History, Information, Resources, Traditions, & More

Ordinary Time Definition and Summary

Ordinary Time is the liturgical period outside of the other liturgical seasons, and runs 33 or 34 weeks. In Latin, Ordinary Time is called Tempus Per Annum ("time throughout the year"). The season falls between Christmas and Lent, and between Easter and Advent, exclusive. Prayers: Ordinary Time Prayers

Basic Facts

Liturgical Color(s): Green
Type of Holiday: Season
Time of Year: The Monday following the Baptism of the Lord (end of Christmas), until the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday; Monday following Pentecost until the evening before Advent
Duration: Total of 33 or 34 weeks
Celebrates/Symbolizes: The complete mystery of Christ
Alternate Names: "Sundays of the Year"; tempus per annum
Scriptural References: Various

Introduction

The Latin Tempus Per Annum ("time throughout the year") is rendered into English as "Ordinary Time." Many sources, online and in print, suggest that Ordinary Time is derived from the word ordinal, meaning "numbered," since the Sundays of Ordinary Time, as in other seasons, are ordered numerically. However, other sources suggest the etymology of "Ordinary Time" is related to our word "ordinary" (which itself has a connotation of time and order, derived from the Latin word ordo). Ordinary Time occurs outside of other liturgical time periods, periods in which specific aspects of the mystery of Christ are celebrated. According to The General Norms for the Liturgical Year and the Calendar, the days of Ordinary Time, especially the Sundays, "are devoted to the mystery of Christ in all its aspects."

Ordinary Time, depending on the year, runs either 33 or 34 weeks. When it runs 33 weeks, one of the numbered weeks must be omitted. The number that gets omitted is the one that would normally be scheduled to be observed after Pentecost Sunday. For example, in 2010, there are 9 weeks of winter Ordinary Time, so logically, the 10th Week of Ordinary Time should be scheduled after Pentecost. However, because there are only 33 weeks of Ordinary Time in 2010, the 10th week is skipped, and actual numbered week observed is the 11th week of Ordinary Time.

Basically, Ordinary Time encompasses that part of the Christian year that does not fall within the seasons of Advent, Christmas, Lent, or Easter. The Catholic Church celebrates two periods of the year as Ordinary Time. The first period begins after the Feast Baptism of the Lord (the Sunday after The Epiphany) has ended. Some interpret this to mean that Ordinary Time begins on Sunday night, while others, including The General Norms for the Liturgical Year and the Calendar, specifically mention the first period of Ordinary Time beginning on the Monday after the Baptism of the Lord. Either way, the point is the same. The next Sunday is still reckoned "The Second Sunday in Ordinary Time," because it is the Sunday of the second week in Ordinary Time. The reckoning can be confusing, and has many asking "what happened to the first Sunday in Ordinary Time?" This first period of Ordinary Time runs until the Tuesday evening before Ash Wednesday. The Second period of Ordinary Time runs from the Monday after Pentecost until Evening Prayer is said the night before Advent begins. This includes Christ the King Sunday, the final Sunday of Ordinary Time. In some denominations, the Sundays of the second period of Ordinary Time are numbered "Sundays After Pentecost."

Ordinary time does not need to be "ordinary," and is not somehow a "break" from the Liturgical Year. The opposite is actually true: Ordinary Time celebrates "the mystery of Christ in all its aspects." Many important liturgical celebrations fall during Ordinary Time, including, Trinity, Corpus Christi, All Saints, the Assumption of Mary, and Christ the King. In addition, the Church continues to celebrate Saints days and other events such as The Octave of Christian Unity. The major feasts, when occurring on a Sunday, trump the regular Ordinary Time Sunday lessons and liturgy. In the American Catholic Church, Corpus Christi is usually transferred to a Sunday, so often there are fewer than the 33 or 34 Sundays labeled "Sundays of Ordinary Time," although these Sundays still fall within Ordinary Time. We also may remember and celebrate the parts of Jesus' life that were ordinary, much like our own lives. The color of green is appropriate because it is the most ordinary color in our natural environment.

History

The use of the term "Ordinary Time" was used before the Second Vatican Council, but it was not until after the council that the term was officially used to designate the period between Epiphany and Lent, and the period between Pentecost and Advent. Rather than being called the "Season of Ordinary Time," the times were called "Season After Epiphany" and "Season After Pentecost" After the new Catholic Calendar took effect in 1969, these older designations were no longer used. However, some groups (including some Anglicans) still use the older designations. Interestingly, the Church in the Patristic period never seemed to effectively and concisely classify or label Ordinary Time, even though the time certainly existed.

Worship and Prayer Resources

Prayers for Ordinary Time
Octave of Christian Unity
Ordinary Time Hymns
Prayers for Christ the King
Prayers for All Hallows Eve (Halloween)
Prayers for All Saints Day
A Sermon for Transfiguration Sunday
A Sermon for Christ the King Sunday

Ordinary Time Art, Photos, and Images

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Statue of Jesus (J. Bennett)

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Rosary and Bible (D. Bennett)

More Liturgical Artwork

Traditions, Customs, and Symbols

Traditions and Customs
Green Vestments and Linens

Symbols
The color Green

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What Happened to the "First Sunday of Ordinary Time?"
As mentioned above, many Catholics become confused upon looking at their liturgical calendars to see a "Second Sunday in Ordinary Time," yet cannot find a "First Sunday of Ordinary Time." The answer is surprisingly simple. Remember that the first period of Ordinary Time begins after the Feast of the Baptism of The Lord (the Sunday after The Epiphany) has ended. This means that Ordinary Time begins on a Monday (or perhaps late Sunday night). The next Sunday is still reckoned "The Second Sunday in Ordinary Time," although it is more properly the Sunday of the second week in Ordinary Time. Thus, there is no real "First Sunday in Ordinary Time," but there is a first week of Ordinary Time.

Ordinary Time and Church Year Books

Holy Bible: New Jerusalem Bible
Christian Prayer: Liturgy of the Hours
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (Cross and Livingstone, eds.)
New St. Joseph People's Prayer Book
The Study of Liturgy (Jones, ed.)
Spirit of the Liturgy (Ratzinger)
Catechism of the Catholic Church
More Christian & Church Year Books

General Links

Christ the Crucified King (essay)
Tis (not quite) the Season...But There's Still Plenty to Celebrate David Morrison

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This page written by . Last updated 05-02-2013.



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